v./n. 训诫,谴责 /'reprɪmɑːnd/
vt. 改正、磨炼 /'tʃeɪsn/
n. 出处, 起源 /'prɒvənəns/
n. 自负, 自大，幻想 /kən'siːt/
n. 系理, 推论 /kə'rɒləri/
adj. 简洁的 /sək'sɪŋkt/
Guardiola: what Britain can learn from football’s philosopher king
（677 words） By Janan Ganesh ----------------------------------------------------- People with no interest in football might still enjoy an event that occurred after, not during, a recent match. Having broken Southampton’s defensive block to win at the death, the Manchester City coach Pep Guardiola confronted an opposition player, Nathan Redmond, with a strange kind of reprimand. You are too talented to play negative football, he is said to have barked. You destroyed us last season. His gesticulating vehemence upset some people, as did his presumption in guiding another coach’s player. Those people did not include Redmond, who even praised the Spaniard in a public statement. “When one of the world’s best managers compliments you or gives advice in any way, you listen.” Translation: we are all his flock. Guardiola’s mastery of the English Premier League is a chastening moment in national life. His foreignness is beside the point. The most cosmopolitan league in the world’s most global game is used to coaches, owners and players of exotic provenance. The sore point is his footballing style, or “philosophy”, as the sport grandiloquently puts it. He cherishes skill over physicality, baroque passing patterns over aerial punts, detailed tactics over raw volume of sweat. In short, he rejects what used to be known as the British way. Hence his ambivalent reception upon arrival in 2016. Nativists saw a princeling who had glided from retirement as a sublime player to managerial posts as grand as Barcelona and Bayern Munich. There was respect but also expectation verging on hope that he would either fail in England or, even better, fall back on our methods to succeed. The Premier League is self-mythologised as a unique gauntlet: faster, steelier and more competitive than continental leagues. His disappointing debut season encouraged these whispers of “Fraudiola”. His team now makes a week-by-week mockery of this conceit. City’s supremacy seems unbridgeable in the near future, and brooks no compromise in style. One of their defenders recently completed more passes in a game than the other team’s outfield players combined. See Guardiola cringe into his python-like scarf at speculative hoofs upfield. The Premier League, whose intensity is adored the world over, where it trails perhaps only our language and our legal system as our foremost soft-power asset, turns out to be a doddle for this dreamer-aesthete. The corollary of Premier League chauvinism is that anyone who wins it becomes a model to emulate. They are solicited for lessons on leadership. If Guardiola clinches the prize this year, he might leave us less suspicious of people who seem too clever by half. Britain tolerates eccentric behaviour, subversive thought and other breaks from the norm with a generosity we take for granted. The former London mayor Ken Livingstone was once poignantly succinct about why people come here: “To be themselves.” But we have always drawn the line at pretension. This might be the residue of early and brutal industrialisation, or it might be the legacy of no-nonsense Blitz spirit, when survival was all. Either way, Guardiola is almost laboratory-designed to irk us, with his gallery-owner chic, his New York sabbatical, his dinners with Garry Kasparov. “Come off it”, you can hear his host nation mutter, as he instructs his trequartista to operate as a false-nine in the half-spaces vacated by the inverted full-backs, or whatever. And yet no culture is immutable. The Redmond incident was telling because a young Englishman plainly relished the exposure to Guardiola, the chance to learn. The coach’s most alchemic work this season has been the improvement of another Englishman, Raheem Sterling. England’s under-17s won the World Cup in October with artful technicians such as Guardiola’s beloved midfielder Phil Foden. Once so alien, Guardiola now seems to go with the national grain. In the 1970s, England’s successive failures to qualify for the real World Cup reflected an economic malaise at home. In 1992, the creation of the Premier League that Guardiola now bestrides signalled the country’s embrace of globalisation. In 2016, his cool reception coincided with Brexit. If the national game is still a clue to the national culture, maybe Britain is about to become a safer place for people with ideas above their station.
What did Guardiola do in his match against Southampton?
He instructed a player from the opposing team.
He gesticulated towards Redmond to upset him.
He discussed footballing philosophy with another coach.
He had a blow-up with an opposition player.
Which of the following is the key reason why Guardiola succeeds in the Premier League?
He enjoyed great success in Barcelona and Bayern Munich.
He used to be a sublime player and skilled football manager.
He has displayed an outstanding concept of footballing style.
He is familiar with the unique style of the Premier League.
Why the Premier League is different from other European leagues ?
The games of the Premier League is much faster, steelier and more competitive.
It is the most cosmopolitan league with plenty of foreign players and coaches.
The Premier League is self-mythologised and has unique methods to succeed.
Any team who wins the Premier League will soon become a model to emulate.
What does Guardiola's success imply according to the author ?
Britain becomes increasingly tolerant of people with various identity and ideas.
Britain is gradually coming out of the economic recession after Brexit in 2016.
England will have a good chance to win the upcoming World Cup in Russia.
Football games in the Premier League is often a clue to the national culture.
© The Financial Times Ltd 2018
and 'Financial Times' are trademarks of The Financial Times Ltd.
2. 不要把一个个单词分开看，要学会整体把握一个语义群。比如“an emergency $180bn injection of dollar”是一个语义群，应该整体地去理解它
3. 在看英文影视剧的时候，切换到英文字幕。4. 保持这份认真的态度，坚持英语学习，你将会获得很大的提高。
2. 加强对英文的数字写法，尤其是大数量的数字(million, billion)的识别与中英文转换的练习。