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中国科研

China leads world in growth of scientific research
“中国科研发展速度领先全球”

数据显示,中国成为仅次于美国的全球第二大科学知识生产国

China has experienced the strongest growth in scientific research over the past three decades of any country, according to figures compiled for the Financial Times, and the pace shows no sign of slowing.

为英国《金融时报》收集的数据显示,中国过去30年的科研发展势头比其它任何国家都要强劲,而且至今没有放缓迹象。

Jonathan Adams, research evaluation director at Thomson Reuters, said China's “awe- inspiring” growth meant it was now the second-largest producer of scientific knowledge – and is on course to overtake the US by 2020 if it continues on its present trajectory.

汤森路透(Thomson Reuters)的研究评估主管乔纳森•亚当斯(Jonathan Adams)表示,中国“令人惊叹的”发展速度意味着,它已成为全球第二大科学知识生产国,如果继续沿目前轨道发展,到2020年中国将超过美国。

Thomson Reuters, which indexes scientific papers from 10,500 journals worldwide, analysed the performance of four emerging markets countries – Brazil, Russia, India and China – over the past 30 years.

汤森路透将来自全球1.05万家期刊的科研论文编入索引,该机构分析了四个新兴市场国家——巴西、俄罗斯、印度和中国——过去30年间的表现。

China far outperformed every other nation, with a 64-fold increase in peer-reviewed scientific papers since 1981, with particular strength in chemistry and materials science.

中国的表现远远好于其它几个国家,同行评议的科研论文数量自1981年来增加了63倍,在化学和材料科学领域的实力尤其突出。

“China is out on its own, far ahead of the pack,” said James Wilsdon, science policy director at the Royal Society in London. “If anything, China's recent research performance has exceeded even the high expectations of four or five years ago, while India has not moved as fast as expected and may have missed an opportunity.”

“中国独占鳌头,遥遥领先于其它国家,”英国皇家学会(Royal Society)的科学政策主管詹姆斯•威尔斯顿(James Wilsdon)表示。“中国近来的科研表现甚至超出了四五年前的高预期,而印度的发展速度则低于预期,可能已经错过了一个机会。”

Although its quality remains mixed, Chinese research has also become more collaborative, with almost 9 per cent of papers originating in China having at least one US-based co-author.

中国的科研工作也已变得更具协作性,尽管质量仍参差不齐。近9%源自中国的论文有至少一名驻美国的合著者。

Brazil has also been building up a formidable research effort. In 1981 its output of scientific papers was one-seventh that of India; by 2008 it had almost caught up with India. Russia, which has previously been seen as a leader in scientific research, produced fewer papers than Brazil or India in 2008.

巴西也在科研方面进行着卓著努力。该国1981年的科研论文产量是印度的七分之一,而到2008年,它几乎赶上了印度。过去曾被视为科研领头羊的俄罗斯,2008年的论文产量不及巴西或印度。

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