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人工智能

Elon Musk-backed Neuralink unveils brain-implant technology
美国大脑植入技术公司拟明年进行临床试验

由埃隆•马斯克支持的Neuralink公司致力于创建人脑植入设备,最终目标是让人类实现“某种与人工智能的共生”。

Neuralink, the Elon Musk-backed company seeking to build brain implants to communicate with mach­ines, has said it hopes to begin trials on human patients by the end of next year.

由埃隆•马斯克(Elon Musk)支持的、致力于创建人脑植入设备与机器交流的Neuralink公司表示,希望在明年底之前开始对人类患者进行试验。

The secretive 100-employee company revealed its vast ambitions in a presentation on Tuesday night aimed at recruiting more experts.

这家行事隐秘、拥有100名员工的公司周二晚在一个旨在招聘更多专家的介绍会上披露其巨大雄心。

“We want to have the best talent in the world,” Mr Musk said at the California Academy of Sciences. The chief executive of Tesla and SpaceX said the ultimate goal of Neuralink was to allow humans to achieve “a sort of symbiosis with artificial intelligence”.

“我们想招揽全球顶尖人才。”马斯克在加州科学博物馆表示。这位特斯拉(Tesla)和SpaceX的首席执行官表示,Neuralink的最终目标是让人类实现“某种与人工智能的共生”。

Mr Musk said humans were at risk of being overtaken by AI-equipped machines but, if the brain couldbe enhanced with computer connect­ivity, “we can go along for the ride”.

马斯克表示,人类面临被人工智能机器超越的风险,但如果人脑能通过与电脑连接得到增强,“我们就能够加入这一旅程”。

He said the company had begun testing on rats and was working with the University of California, Davis on monkeys. “A monkey has been able to control a computer with its brain,” he said.

他表示,该公司已开始在老鼠身上进行测试,并与加州大学戴维斯分校(University of California, Davis)合作用猴子实验。“有一只猴子能用其大脑控制电脑。”他说。

Neuralink is just one player in an emerging field that could enhance human functionality or equip paraplegics with robots they can control with their minds. Others include Facebook and CTRL-labs, the Amazon Alexa Fund-backed start-up that is trying to take a less invasive approach.

Neuralink只是一个新兴领域的参与者之一,该领域有望增强人体机能,或为截瘫患者配备可用大脑操控的机器人。其他参与者包括Facebook及CTRL-labs,后者是由亚马逊(Amazon) Alexa Fund支持的一家初创企业,正试图采取一种侵入性较小的方法。

Neuralink intends to insert proprietary chips and information strips it calls “threads” into people’s brains, which it said could bring huge medical advances.

Neuralink打算在人脑中植入其称为“线”的专有技术芯片和信息条,并表示这可能带来巨大的医学进步。

“I’ve been humbled by how helpless we are treating neurological diseases,” said Matthew MacDougall, Neuralink’s head surgeon. “We have the potential, for the first time in history, to solve some of these problems.”

“我们在治疗神经疾病时的无助让我感到谦卑。”Neuralink的首席外科医生马修•麦克杜格尔(Matthew MacDougall)表示。“我们拥有史无前例地解决这些问题的潜力。”

Executives said their first emphasis would be to help patients with severe brain disorders but the goal was to des­ign a miniature, wireless implant controlled through an iPhone app. They spoke of communication via thought alone and of restoring motor and sensory functions, such as giving sight to the blind.

高管们表示,他们的首要任务是帮助患有严重脑部疾病的患者,但他们的目标是设计一款通过iPhone app控制的微型、无线植入体。他们谈到仅通过思维来实现交流,以及恢复运动与感官功能,比如让盲人复明。

Max Hodak, Neuralink’s president, said the company would seek approval from the US Food and Drug Administration to start clinical trials on humans as early as next year. In a research paper, it said it had performed at least 19 surgeries on animals to insert its “threads”.

Neuralink的总裁马克斯•霍达克(Max Hodak)表示,该公司将争取美国食品药品管理局(Food and Drug Administration,简称FDA)的批准,最早于明年开始人体临床试验。在一篇研究论文中,该公司表示已经在动物身上进行了至少19次植入“线”的手术。

But he acknowledged that the pathway to development would be long and require outside help and academic partnerships.

但他承认,开发路径将是漫长的,需要外部帮助及学术合作。

译者/何黎

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